Does Pius IX Syllabus of Errors condemn our modern day application of public schools?
Saturday, January 31, 2009
bump ... originally posted Aug 1, 2008
I am asking .... Keep in mind that these propositions were condemned
45. The entire government of public schools in which the youth- of a Christian state is educated, except (to a certain extent) in the case of episcopal seminaries, may and ought to appertain to the civil power, and belong to it so far that no other authority whatsoever shall be recognized as having any right to interfere in the discipline of the schools, the arrangement of the studies, the conferring of degrees, in the choice or approval of the teachers. -- Allocutions "Quibus luctuosissimis," Sept. 5, 1851, and "In consistoriali," Nov. 1, 1850.
46. Moreover, even in ecclesiastical seminaries, the method of studies to be adopted is subject to the civil authority. -- Allocution "Nunquam fore," Dec. 15, 1856.
47. The best theory of civil society requires that popular schools open to children of every class of the people, and, generally, all public institutes intended for instruction in letters and philosophical sciences and for carrying on the education of youth, should be freed from all ecclesiastical authority, control and interference, and should be fully subjected to the civil and political power at the pleasure of the rulers, and according to the standard of the prevalent opinions of the age. -- Epistle to the Archbishop of Freiburg, "Cum non sine," July 14, 1864.
48. Catholics may approve of the system of educating youth unconnected with Catholic faith and the power of the Church, and which regards the knowledge of merely natural things, and only, or at least primarily, the ends of earthly social life. -- Ibid. (source)
As an exercise for the reader, try and come up with a public school system outside of these parameters. Feel free to post suggestions in the comments.
My younger brother lives in Anchorage. Prayers would be appreciated... I am linking to the Twitter feed of the Alaska Volcano Observatory. You will not get any more up to date than this (at least within a minute or two) ...
I wrote this to someone who is going through the last phase of Chestertons three phases (see post before this one) ...
First off, its a normal part of the process for many of us -- especially those of us who take our time and rake the Church over the coals. G. K. Chesterton spelled out the phases of conversion quite well (if you have some time, please read -- if you are short for time start with the sentence "It is my experience that the convert commonly passes through three stages or states of mind." and go from there).
There is an exciting part where we are discovering the TRUTH and just how deep and beautiful this faith we call Catholicism is. We all love that. Then at some point we are staring blankly into the ether and we realize what it will cost to do this. At that point we are looking for reasons not to. We are afraid -- nary -- terrified of what might come of it. With me I made a HUGE fuss over the veneration of relics and incorrupt saints. I told myself "That's creepy stuff ... devil stuff". That I was indignant was an understatement. I wanted so bad to see the Church as a house of cards because it was going to cost me friends, comfort and possibly family. I wanted to stay where I was. Veneration of relics was my reason not to convert ... except that I found a flaw with it. I had already accepted sacramental theology and I found it difficult to ignore the Martyrdom of Polycarp which was VERY early account of veneration of relics . Who was I do determine how God worked through physical things? Who was I to let my inner gnostic pull me away from what I was terrified was true? The problem was that my brain had solved all my objections. It was my emotion and FEAR that was pulling me the other way.
At some point you realize it would be disobedience to Christ to NOT convert. If and when you reach that point I am confident you will find the courage to follow your conscience. Keep praying and Christ be with you.
G. K. Chesterton on the three stages of conversion
Wednesday, January 21, 2009
It is my experience that the convert commonly passes through three stages or states of mind. The first is when he imagines himself to be entirely detached, or even to be entirely indifferent, but in the old sense of the term, as when the Prayer Book talks of judges who will truly and indifferently administer justice. Some flippant modern person would probably agree that our judges administer justice very indifferently. But the older meaning was legitimate and even logical and it is that which is applicable here. The first phase is that of the young philosopher who feels that he ought to be fair to the Church of Rome. He wishes to do it justice; but chiefly because he sees that it suffers injustice. I remember that when I was first on the Daily News, the great Liberal organ of the Nonconformists, I took the trouble to draw up a list of fifteen falsehoods which I found out, by my own personal knowledge, in a denunciation of Rome by Messrs. Horton and Hocking. I noted, for instance, that it was nonsense to say that the Covenanters fought for religious liberty when the Covenant denounced religious toleration; that it was false to say the Church only asked for orthodoxy and was indifferent to morality, since, if this was true of anybody, it was obviously true of the supporters of salvation by faith and not of salvation by works; that it was absurd to say that Catholics introduced a horrible sophistry of saying that a man might sometimes tell a lie, since every sane man knows he would tell a lie to save a child from Chinese torturers; that it missed the whole point, in this connection, to quote Ward's phrase, "Make up your mind that you are justified in lying and then lie like a trooper," for Ward's argument was against equivocation or what people call Jesuitry. He meant, "When the child really is hiding in the cupboard and the Chinese torturers really are chasing him with red-hot pincers, then (and then only) be sure that you are right to deceive and do not hesitate to lie; but do not stoop to equivocate. Do not bother yourself to say, "The child is in a wooden house not far from here," meaning the cupboard; but say the child is in Chiswick or Chimbora zoo, or anywhere you choose." I find I made elaborate notes of all these arguments all that long time ago, merely for the logical pleasure of disentangling an intellectual injustice. I had no more idea of becoming a Catholic than of becoming a cannibal. I imagined that I was merely pointing out that justice should be done even to cannibals. I imagined that I was noting certain fallacies partly for the fun of the thing and partly for a certain feeling of loyalty to the truth of things. But as a matter of fact, looking back on these notes (which I never published), it seems to me that I took a tremendous amount of trouble about it if I really regarded it as a trifle; and taking trouble has certainly never been a particular weakness of mine. It seems to me that something was already working subconsciously to keep me more interested in fallacies about this particular topic than in fallacies about Free Trade or Female Suffrage or the House of Lords. Anyhow, that is the first stage in my own case and I think in many other cases: the stage of simply wishing to protect Papists from slander and oppression, not (consciously at least) because they hold any particular truth, but because they suffer from a particular accumulation of falsehood. The second stage is that in which the convert begins to be conscious not only of the falsehood but the truth and is enormously excited to find that there is far more of it than he would ever have expected. This is not so much a stage as a progress; and it goes on pretty rapidly but often for a long time. It consists in discovering what a very large number of lively and interesting ideas there are in the Catholic philosophy, that a great many of them commend themselves at once to his sympathies, and that even those which he would not accept have something to be said for them justifying their acceptance. This process, which may be called discovering the Catholic Church, is perhaps the most pleasant and straightforward part of the business easier than joining the Catholic Church and much easier than trying to live the Catholic life. It is like discovering a new continent full of strange flowers and fantastic animals, which is at once wild and hospitable. To give anything like a full account of that process would simply be to discuss about half a hundred Catholic ideas and institutions in turn. I might remark that much of it consists of the act of translation; of discovering the real meaning of words, which the Church uses rightly and the world uses wrongly. For instance, the convert discovers that "scandal" does not mean "gossip"; and the sin of causing it does not mean that it is always wicked to set silly old women wagging their tongues. Scandal means scandal, what it originally meant in Greek and Latin: the tripping up of somebody else when he is trying to be good. Or he will discover that phrases like "counsel of perfection" or "venial sin," which mean nothing at all in the newspapers, mean something quite intelligent and interesting in the manuals of moral theology. He begins to realise that it is the secular world that spoils the sense of words; and he catches an exciting glimpse of the real case for the iron immortality of the Latin Mass. It is not a question between a dead language and a living language, in the sense of an everlasting language. It is a question between a dead language and a dying language; an inevitably degenerating language. It is these numberless glimpses of great ideas, that have been hidden from the convert by the prejudices of his provincial culture, that constitute the adventurous and varied second stage of the conversion. It is, broadly speaking, the stage in which the man is unconsciously trying to be converted. And the third stage is perhaps the truest and the most terrible. It is that in which the man is trying not to be converted.
He has come too near to the truth, and has forgotten that truth is a magnet, with the powers of attraction and repulsion. He is filled with a sort of fear, which makes him feel like a fool who has been patronising "Popery" when he ought to have been awakening to the reality of Rome. He discovers a strange and alarming fact, which is perhaps implied in Newman's interesting lecture on Blanco White and the two ways of attacking Catholicism. Anyhow, it is a truth that Newman and every other convert has probably found in one form or another. It is impossible to be just to the Catholic Church. The moment men cease to pull against it they feel a tug towards it. The moment they cease to shout it down they begin to listen to it with pleasure. The moment they try to be fair to it they begin to be fond of it. But when that affection has passed a certain point it begins to take on the tragic and menacing grandeur of a great love affair. The man has exactly the same sense of having committed or compromised himself; of having been in a sense entrapped, even if he is glad to be entrapped. But for a considerable time he is not so much glad as simply terrified. It may be that this real psychological experience has been misunderstood by stupider people and is responsible for all that remains of the legend that Rome is a mere trap. But that legend misses the whole point of the psychology. It is not the Pope who has set the trap or the priests who have baited it. The whole point of the position is that the trap is simply the truth. The whole point is that the man himself has made his way towards the trap of truth, and not the trap that has run after the man. All steps except the last step he has taken eagerly on his own account, out of interest in the truth; and even the last step, or the last stage, only alarms him because it is so very true. If I may refer once more to a personal experience, I may say that I for one was never less troubled by doubts than in the last phase, when I was troubled by fears. Before that final delay I had been detached and ready to regard all sorts of doctrines with an open mind. Since that delay has ended in decision, I have had all sorts of changes in mere mood; and I think I sympathise with doubts and difficulties more than I did before. But I had no doubts or difficulties just before. I had only fears; fears of something that had the finality and simplicity of suicide. But the more I thrust the thing into the back of my mind, the more certain I grew of what Thing it was. And by a paradox that does not frighten me now in the least, it may be that I shall never again have such absolute assurance that the thing is true as I had when I made my last effort to deny it. (source)
Court decides that public schooling is preferable to homeschooling in divorce decision
Here, the court concluded with regard to the parties’ six-year-old daughter’s educational prospects that “she doesn't seem to have a problem, I don’t believe, in being able to succeed anywhere,” but then terminated the daughter’s homeschooling, asserting that her interests would be best served by public schooling, in which both parents could be involved. In the course of rendering this decision, the trial court made the following observations:
1. Public schools would offer the child a “wider exposure” than she would receive with homeschooling. 2. Public schools would offer “much more diversity, many more opportunities with respect to the things that she would be able to do.” 3. Although the court “appreciate[d] and respect[ed] [the mother’s] desire to have a religious-based schooling, we live in a very diverse society and it is not beneficial for children to be raised in a bubble where they do not have exposure to other people’s cultures and other people’s religion.” 4. Public schooling would make the child “a more well-rounded person.”
Each of these observations may or may not be true, or relevant. However, taken as a whole, they evince an attitude toward homeschooling (and public schooling) that is simply not reflected in the laws and policies of this state. Taken as a whole, these observations suggest a predisposition by the trial court that, everything else being equal, public schooling is invariably preferable to homeschooling, a predisposition that would presumably also counsel in favor of public schooling in future disputes in which parents disagreed on approaches to their children’s education.
and therein lies the danger ...
The courts reasons were shoddy unless they were given specific information about the homeschooling that indicated public schooling was the preferable choice IN THIS SPECIFIC CASE (and in some instances I would agree) ... Still, in general the concerned parent of a homeschooled child takes these perceived negatives into consideration. For example, in dealing with diversity of instruction -- my kids are learning Spanish from a woman with a degree in it and a woman who grew up in Mexico city. It isn't like the whole of home education necessarily remains at home. It also fails to consider that in some instances diversity of instruction MAY result in a child who is simply confused.
Besides, if we are intending the celebrate the diversity of peoples culture and religion, shouldn't we ENCOURAGE them to impart said culture/religion to their children? I mean, after all, if we raise a nation to respect religions that none of us holds with firm conviction then everyone would believe nothing and therefore diversity is destroyed.
How would they settle this dispute between a public/private school? I am seriously asking because that is the type of response they should have given (similar to the dissenting opinion I suppose) ...
The main people who are offended by breastfeeding, I find, are those who are uncomfortable with the idea of the breast being used for something other than sex. The idea of it being used to feed a child, the fruit of the natural and properly ordered marital act is challenging. Furthermore breastfeeding is hard. To tie the breasts to any act of sacrifice is even more challenging. All of this -- life, nurturing, sacrifice -- is a direct offense to the idea that breasts serve the sole and primary purpose of pleasing "me". That concept of purpose falls well within the subset of the world of selfish and non-fruit bearing sex. The real indignant response to breastfeeding comes from those who could care less whether or not they can SEE the breast.
In that sense it is a powerful ally in the cause of life.
I personally believe it should be highly encouraged because even for the abuses of some, it tells the truth about our purpose. (source)
Obviously I think Facebook is wrong here HOWEVER its their site, their company and they have every right to deal with it in a manner they see fit.
This guy comes up a lot on this blog ... I question some of his motives but I think he is spot on when it comes to this observation.
People need to work to their gifts period. If it requires a degree go ... otherwise do what you are good at and like.
Many of the people I know who work in my field went to school with the express purpose of getting a piece of paper that would get them a job that paid well. PAY is the motivation ... they don't love the work. They don't have a gift. They want to get PAID. Colleges encourage this because they want high-dollar donors. I have seen graduates in IT that have no business with degrees. They are grossly unequipped for the work force and I am not sure how they managed to get through four years at any university much less some of the ones they claim to come from.
Also I think a college education is greatly overvalued by our society. Your dignity is not defined by the letters after your name (or your paycheck for that matter) ... I think college should be harder and I think fewer people should go. I think we need to weed out the pretenders angling for pay only and we need to actually not pay people with degrees more than they are worth just because it happens to be a field requiring a degree. We should encourage people to go into other respectable careers and foster a lifestyle of learning if we want more educated people.
America needs more manufacturing jobs. America needs people who do actual physical work. There is no shame in that kind of work. Economies function on the backs of that work.
Yesterday I came home to watch my 7 year old son and 5 year old son playing in the house. This would seem common to most people except that in our house its the final sign that a very bad habit picked up in public school by my oldest son is finally passing with time.
My son entered kindergarden last year and by the time we pulled him out of school he had developed the idea that children are to be divided into age groups with the higher age groups to be seen as superior to the lower age groups. Almost immediately upon entering school his time away from his siblings coupled with this new-found arrogance strained his relationship with his then 4 year old brother and 3 year old sister. Meanwhile, the two siblings at home thrived in their relationship.
One of the greatest historical novelties of public (and even private) education is collecting children into age homogenous groups. In the experience of my own children this is detrimental to the development of natural human interaction with other people -- especially since MOST people are not your own age. When we enter school at the age of five we are predominantly around people within 1-2 years of our age until we get to college. We even tend to get jobs working with other teenagers. If we go to a small college that might not change. If we go to a large university chances are there will be some older people there with us. When we finally enter the workforce all of the sudden we face the stark reality of "generational diversity".
Second, this "age arrogance" that develops does not allow slower children to develop necessary life skills at their pace. People tend to be faster and slower on different skills. With me, I should have been in school until I was 20 when it came to English. Homeschooling is more like the one room school house, especially since so many homeschoolers have 3 or more kids. Even social events tend to include large groups of kids from 5 all the way up to 18 years of age. Adults also tend to be there in droves. That is more like real life and IMHO that is truly a benefit of homeschooling.
Why are people averting their eyes from the coming collapse of population growth?
Its worth a read and casts a decent shadow on what she calls a "conservative libertarian" and liberal response to the problem. The general theme is that its best just to ignore the problem. After all to look at it means you are: 1) Against greater choices or 2) Racist
Our pill-popping generation has yet to feel the effects of our indulgence.
To which I responded
I disagree with that only because I think that many of the ill effects our society already feels are PRECISELY because of this indulgence.
Contraception divides sex from marriage and its intended purpose (be fruitful and multiply). It thus fuels pre-marital sex by removing the natural consequence. It fuels increased adultery by making the sin easier to cover up. It fuels divorce by making fruitless sex the natural end and fostering great dissatisfaction should someone "more enticing" come along. Let me clarify -- it objectifies the wife thus making her primary purpose to the man sexual satisfaction. It fuels a tremendous lack of self-control in couples, especially men, by giving them ready access to wives who will never go through pregnancies and medically recommended down periods. The tempering thought of the gravity of "openness to life" rarely enters the mind of the contracepting couple. Rather than seeing themselves as an always life-giving couple, they increasingly see themselves as a means to the end of pleasure (distinct from procreative). It also undermines the discernment process before marriage by minimizing the role of parent in a future spouse. Furthermore the "privacy" aspect of it is a direct precursor to so-called "abortion rights".
The division of sex from marriage also gives root to the idea that marriage is purely a socially recognized collection of folks who consent to have sex with each other. Today this is driving the gay marriage crowd. Tomorrow it will be polygamists, pedophiles etc. In fact, I have a hard time seeing how society is going to avoid the concept that sex is a "right" so much so that it would be selfish to require "consent" in the case of those who cannot exercise their "right". It would not shock me to see a push to legalize and "regulate" prostitution to allow people to exercise their right to sex. Sooner or later we will decide it should be "free" and thus federally funded prostitution will be the law of the land. The demographic winter is the final stage.
The environmental factor is a strong sign of what sex is to our country. Environmentalists are willing to use the "precautionary principle" to enact legislation of dubious possible outcome all over the map but when it comes to denying the right to free sex when it happens to be doing harm to the environment they are stunningly silent. There is our god America. IMHO contraception was like adding gasoline to the smoke filled campfire and now it is an out of control forest fire.
We must give up our idolatry.
I guess the whole point of this rant is that while I agree with the Mercatornet article, we have been covering our eyes and going la-la-la for 40 years now. What makes anyone think that willful ignorance is anything new or that its going to change tomorrow? (this is why I dislike the "stewardship" angle argued by many Christians in favor of contraception -- it totally dodges the moral question of "Is it even OK?") .... I repeat:
Of course in isolation this means nothing. It 1) only deals with a small part of the world and 2) ummm it is in isolation
That said, I suspect it is part of a trend that follows sun activity. Just me though ... Hope Al Gore rakes in his bucks in the next few years. The December snow in Louisiana caused many converts to the "skeptic" crowd even though the rest of December turned out to be ridiculously warm.
These are some thoughts of mine ... only thoughts and not exactly backed by popes ....
I have to say, I think we as Catholics have been conditioned as part of our non-Catholic culture to see beauty as completely subjective and a "matter of taste". Quite frankly I think that which makes a certain song less objectively beautiful (i.e. those which distort our understanding and appreciation of God who is objectively perfectly beautiful) SHOULD be criticized.
I think the objectiveness is most obvious in the execution. For example, I think I am safe in assuming it is pretty much universally accepted that people who are tone deaf and cannot carry a tune are best left OUT of a choir. Therefore choirs sound better with more accomplished musicians. There is a reason for this. Talent is a GIFT from God and better images of the objectively perfectly beautiful attributes of God.
That said, I think there are objective reasons to select certain songs over others.
There are plenty of songs I like (even love) for various reasons. They are singable (much of contemporary Catholic and evangelical praise songs fall into this category). They have melodies that are pleasing to my ears. These might be subjective qualities (although I suspect certain melodies are objectively more pleasing than others for reasons I care to not get into). Contemporary pop Catholic music might be great for the time (relevance as they like to say). Its great outside the mass. Its helpful in a devotional sense. It will not (I strongly suspect) stand the test of time because it lacks some qualities that make it LESS suitable than a veritable host of selections we have from our past. It will not be categorized alongside the genius of Bach or the great traditional chants that have been handed down to us for generations. Those works of genius image the genius of God and is, I think, objectively more beautiful. I personally think that subjecting most Catholics to decades of merely OK music has conditioned us to not appreciate the genius of truly extraordinary music. Okay music undermines the idea of objective beauty.
So if I tell you I hate songs used in the mass in this country, there might be something more to it than a matter of taste.
I mean, you wouldn't wear casual clothes to a wedding. Current contemporary Catholic music is casual and in that sense is less deserving of a place in mass than something that 1) is properly suited for the purpose, 2) contains those elements of extraordinary genius I mention and 3) has stood the test of time.
Of course I have ignored the concept of disordered views of beauty of which I suspect most if not all of us suffer from. That is why this gets into subjective understandings rather quickly and, as this writer suggests, its difficult for us to judge others on musical tastes. Still, I think "standing the test of time" or being "traditional" gives us a good indication of what works closer to the ideal of heavenly worship.
I also ignored practicality. God bless em, a church I attend frequently is completely tone deaf. They have no choice but to worship with whatever folks happen to be in the choir. The means to create something like St. Peters is beyond that of nearly every parish in the world. Still, I think our expectations should be high and one of the first things that needs to go is letting people volunteer to do something they have no business doing so. If the parish has enough people of sufficient talent then a choir does not need twice as many people when half of them cannot carry a tune. JMHO.
One final thought. Consider these two images of the Transfiguration ... both good images .... but which belongs in St. Peters?
Since I included the amazing aerial video in the last post I did a little digging around. I wanted to include a few more, for various reasons.
This first one is the Pampa TX F4 that was made famous for the van and truck thrown out of the funnel at about 100 feet above the ground at at greater than 90 mph. This is best shown in the Tornado Video Classics series where they analyze this quite effectively. Still, if it looks large and tumbling, its most likely a truck or van ... look for it in the zoom in on the debris.
This second video is of the Parkersburg EF5. It is a bank camera catching the tornado destroying the house across the street. Few videos show the sheer violence of a major tornado like this video does ...
This video reminds me of the Parkersburg video. Its short and I suggest watching it a few times. Sadly it is believed that the man who shot this video was one of the 19 people who died in this F4 at Warner Robins AFB in Georgia. The TVC series states the following about this clip:
Buildings disintegrating in slow motion, as they accelerate to 100 mph in less than 1 second in the Warner-Robins, Georgia tornado.
It was filmed April 30, 1953
This video is of the Andover tornado as it rips through McConnel AFB in Kansas on April 26, 1991. Twenty minutes later it killed 17 people in Andover. This tornado strengthened to F4 intensity just after exiting the base and eventually became an F5 tornado.
This final tornado is one that happened when I was a teenager. My mom woke us up and huddled us into the bathtub as tornado warnings were going off on the cable weather station. It was June 8, 1989 and this tornado was one of several that hit south Louisiana that morning (it was around sunrise). A map of the outbreak is included below the video (click for a larger version). It was rated F2.
I think a lot of criticism for his failure with Katrina is misguided. I hold the same about Blanco and Nagin. Despite our best efforts to 20/20 this whole thing, the government treated it like every other hurricane. But don't let that make you think that anyone else treated it otherwise. I will never forget the morning of the storm watching media broadcasting from New Orleans and they were pretty content to say "things look OK" ... Of course, with Gustav they seemed like they wanted Katrina to happen again so bad they would report water flowing through canals as a major catastrophe. The lesson there? Experience is the best teacher ....
Of course, after the the storm, the mistakes piled up. That said, I don't fault Bush for what he didn't do before Katrina any more than I fault the press for not noticing that a record surge was heading into Mobile Bay before landfall. Jim Cantore of the Weather Channel noticed because he was in the middle of it. But your average hurricane ignorant press person doesn't know what all that means. Anyone who has studied the history of hurricanes in the area knew that would mean hundreds of deaths along the Mississippi coast. Weather history is a HUGE gap in education, especially along the coast. My generation doesn't remember Camille or Betsy or Audrey yet widespread knowledge of those events may have saved many lives.
The shocker for me, and for all of us, was the failure of the levees and quite frankly it was unrealistic to expect people to prepare for that to happen.
Americans have a really bad habit of wanting to blame someone that has money. Civil judgments that involve payouts cannot happen otherwise. We have been trained in our culture to think we have that kind of control. 9/11 -- somebody is at fault. Katrina -- somebody is at fault. It might just be that we have a pride problem and its hard to really admit that some things are outside of even the control of our supposed "best and brightest". In that light, I think it is important to realize that if Bobby Jindal and Barrack Obama had been running the show in Louisiana and Washington respectively, the outcome is unlikely to have been all that different. Events like this are political career killers and for Jindal supporters, they had better thank God that he lost the election to Blanco. His career would have ended in her shoes ... just like hers did.
As for Gustav ... experience is the best teacher. Jindal had that benefit. Blanco did not.
One more thing .. no criticism of Bush is complete without reference to his complicity with the No Child Left Behind act. Without significant reform, or complete reversal, the death of public education is upon us.
I am interested to see how an Obama presidency treats a faster exodus of students from the public school system. I see it every year. Our homeschooling group nearly DOUBLED this last year and the vast majority are leaving because their kids are being ignored in the public school system. This exodus will increase and the public school test scores will fall.
It is on this note that we will find out how serious Obama was in Audacity of Hope when he indicated belief in a right to homeschool and even supported the principle of subsidiarity. Homeschooling, sooner or later, will become an issue. The way the system is set up now local schools cannot afford to have their best and brightest continue to be homechooled or go to private schools. Now they need the test scores ... Obviously the most pragmatic approach is to get those kids back in the schools where their test scores are counted (or do like they do in BR and count the magnet scores at the schools they WOULD be going to if not magnet) ....
What gives? Liberty, the integrity of teachers or NCLB?
Uraguay's version of FOCA vetoed by their popular progressive president
Tuesday, November 25, 2008
President Tabaré Vázquez makes his case
There is a consensus that abortion is a social evil which must be avoided. Nonetheless, in those countries where abortion has been liberalised, it has increased. In the United States, in the first ten years, they tripled, and the figure has been maintained. It has become customary. The same thing happened in Spain.
Laws cannot ignore the reality of the existence of human life in its gestational stage, just as science reveals it. Biology has evolved greatly. Revolutionary discoveries, such as IVF or sequencing the human genome, show that from the moment of conception there is a new human life, a new being. So much so, that in modern legal systems, including our own, DNA has become the acid test of determining the identity of persons, independent of their age, even if the body is destroyed, or when practically nothing is left of the human being, and even after a long time.
The true degree of civilization of a nation is measured by how the neediest are protected. Therefore we must protect the weakest amongst us. Because the criterion is not the value of the subject with respect to how others respond to him, or his usefulness, but the value which exists due to his mere existence...
This text also affects freedom of enterprise and association when it imposes upon medical institutions with legally approved statues which have, in some cases, been functioning for more than a hundred years, an obligation to perform abortions, expressly contrary to their foundational principles.
The law, furthermore, describes, erroneously and in a strained fashion, against common sense, abortion as a medical act, ignoring international declarations... which reflect the principles of Hippocratic medicine which characterize the doctor as someone who acts in favor of life and physical integrity.
In accordance with the particular characteristics of our people, it is better to seek a solution based upon solidarity which promotes women and their babies, giving them the freedom to be able to choose other ways, and in this fashion, to save both of them.
We need to tackle the true causes of abortion in our country which are rooted in our socio-economic circumstances. There are many women, particularly in the poorest sectors, who are alone in the task of raising children. Hence, we should protect abandoned women with solidarity, instead of offering them abortions. (source)
Notice not a single Bible verse is included. This isn't a "tyranny of theocracy" at work folks. His case is as secular as they come.
Of course Mercatornet hits the nail on the head ...
Perhaps President Vázquez could forward a copy of this letter to Uruguay's Congress to his counterpart in the United States, along with a few political tips. ... Opposing abortion doesn't have to be a political death sentence for a progressive politician.
The independent and problem-solving type. They are especially attuned to the demands of the moment are masters of responding to challenges that arise spontaneously. They generally prefer to think things out for themselves and often avoid inter-personal conflicts.
The Mechanics enjoy working together with other independent and highly skilled people and often like seek fun and action both in their work and personal life. They enjoy adventure and risk such as in driving race cars or working as policemen and firefighters.
My categories -- Conversion Story, Marriage and Dating are more my writing and invoke less quoting of other material. I think they hit closer to the mark. They result in INTP - The Thinkers
The logical and analytical type. They are especially attuned to difficult creative and intellectual challenges and always look for something more complex to dig into. They are great at finding subtle connections between things and imagine far-reaching implications.
They enjoy working with complex things using a lot of concepts and imaginative models of reality. Since they are not very good at seeing and understanding the needs of other people, they might come across as arrogant, impatient and insensitive to people that need some time to understand what they are talking about.
My category - Personal and Family results in ESTP - The Doers
The active and play-ful type. They are especially attuned to people and things around them and often full of energy, talking, joking and engaging in physical out-door activities.
The Doers are happiest with action-filled work which craves their full attention and focus. They might be very impulsive and more keen on starting something new than following it through. They might have a problem with sitting still or remaining inactive for any period of time.
This is completely out in left field. Extroverted I am not ...
FWIW, I have tested as an INTP once in my life. Every other time I have taken it, I have tested as a INFP with the F being so close to the border of T that it was ridiculous. I am really more an INXP. The time I tested as a INTP was in college and it was taken in an engineering class which I suspect may have caused my leaning towards T answers.
This is a "fresh" blogroll. It tends to list blogs most frequently updated at the top. It will also drop blogs not updated for a few days. Never fear though, if you post, it will show back up. If you are interested in how I did it see this post.